2型糖尿病常合并严重的急慢性并发症,心脑血管并发症是死亡的主要因素,发病率约为70%;糖尿病肾脏及眼部并发症也是常见的严重并发症。体育锻炼是防治慢病的有效措施,与每周至少进行7小时体力活动的患者相比,每周体力活动少于1小时或根本不活动的患者发生心血管事件的风险会增加1倍。最近3个月没有运动的人与有运动的人相比,总病死率增加1倍。

Type 2 diabetes is often accompanied by severe acute and chronic complications, cardiovascular and cerebrovascular complications are the main cause of death, the incidence of about 70%; diabetic kidney and eye complications are also common serious complications. Physical exercise is an effective measure to prevent chronic diseases, and the risk of cardiovascular events in patients with less than one hour of physical activity per week or no activity at all is doubled compared to those who have at least seven hours of physical activity per week. People who hadn't exercised in the last three months had a one-fold increase in total mortality compared to those who had.

  那么,患有慢病的人应该怎样做运动呢?需要注意些什么?广州市第十二人民医院内分泌内科副主任医师李婉媚表示,运动前、运动中、运动后这些事项都要注意:

So how should a person with a chronic illness exercise? What should I pay attention to? Li Wanmei, deputy chief physician of the Department of Endocrinology at the 12th People's Hospital of Guangzhou, said these matters should be noted before, during and after exercise:

  做心肺功能检查,确定没有问题再选择合适的运动。运动时选择宽松吸汗的棉线衣物,穿大小适中的鞋子和松口的棉线袜,携带糖块,选择环境较好且安全的场地,天气不好时选择室内运动。另外,运动前应根据血糖补充碳水化合物。

Do a cardiopulmonary function check to make sure there is no problem and then choose the appropriate exercise. Choose loose sweat absorbent cotton clothing, wear moderate size shoes and loose mouth cotton stockings, carry sugar blocks, choose a better environment and safe place, choose indoor sports when the weather is bad. In addition, before exercise should be based on blood sugar supplement carbohydrates.

  运动时保证体内水分充足。天气炎热时应补充水分,但不能一次性过多饮水。运动30分钟后喝一次水,最好是白开水、矿泉水。

Keep your body hydrated during exercise. Water should be replenished when the weather is hot, but do not drink too much water at once. Drink water once after 30 minutes of exercise, preferably plain water, mineral water.

  携带医疗救助卡。用稍硬的纸剪一张10×8cm的长方形,上面写明自己的糖尿病病情,姓名、单位、地址、电话以及紧急联系人姓名、联系电话等信息。并要写明需要对你实施的急救措施,如在上衣口袋中拿糖块喂你等。救助卡应挂在脖子上或放在便于抢救者找到的地方。

Carry a medical aid card. Use a stiffer piece of paper to cut a 10 x 8cm rectangle that says your diabetes condition, name, unit, address, phone number and emergency contact name, contact number, etc. And write down the first aid you need to take, such as feeding you sugar in your jacket pocket. The card should be hung around the neck or placed where the rescuers can find it.


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