The temperature plummeted, and many children developed symptoms of fever, cough and diarrhea. Some parents will choose to take their children to the hospital, while others will take antibiotics on their own. Sun Yanyan, director of pharmacy at Tianjin Children's Hospital, suggested that parents who unauthorizedly give their children antibiotics although sometimes effective, but to a certain extent there are hidden dangers to children's health.
Antibiotics aren't all-powerful, so it's very necessary for parents to understand the misunderstanding of antibiotics.
Cold, diarrhea with antibiotics? In fact, most cases are unnecessary. The common cold is mainly caused by viral infection, the use of antibiotics is ineffective, and the common cold has self-limiting, symptomatic care is the key. The most common cause of diarrhea is also viral infection, children in the presence of diarrhea, the first to prevent and correct dehydration, abuse of antibiotics may destroy the intestinal flora, aggravated diarrhea.
The effect of infusion is good? Some parents will be very anxious when their children are ill, always thinking of getting better. In fact, these parents ignore the harm that infusion itself may bring, infusion is a traumatic treatment, the common adverse reactions that may occur are local irritation, hemolytic reaction, allergic reaction and so on.
Unauthorized adjustment of dosage? Some parents think it's better to give their children more medicine and increase the dosage without authorization. To know that the random increase in the dosage may reach the toxic dose, therefore, the medication must follow the drug instructions or follow the doctor's advice to ensure a safe dose. Children's symptoms are alleviated, parents do not give their children to take medicine, this phenomenon is common. Take antibiotics according to the instructions or according to the doctor's instructions, according to the standard course of treatment and dosage. When a bacterial infection occurs, the symptoms of antibiotics are significantly reduced for a few days, but the bacteria have not been completely removed at this time, and if the drug is stopped at the moment, there is a risk of exacerbation, and even bacterial resistance to the drug. Other parents are worried about taking antibiotics will have greater adverse reactions, unauthorized reduction. But you know what? Drugs play a corresponding role, there is a certain concentration of requirements, the reduction of drug use will not only affect the efficacy, but also may lead to bacterial resistance, so the drug must reach a certain course of treatment to ensure the efficacy.
First, drug resistance. Bacterial resistance refers to the tolerance of bacteria to the action of antimicrobial agents, once the drug resistance is produced, the effect of the drug is obviously reduced. Just as people often have this kind of confusion, it used to work and now it doesn't work.
Secondly, it is possible to cause double infection to patients. The number of bacteria in the human body is about 10 times the number of human cells, under normal conditions, maintain ecological balance; abuse of antibiotics not only eliminate pathogenic bacteria, but also harm the protection of the normal flora of the human body, resulting in dysbiosis. The long-term use of broad-spectrum antibiotics (drugs that can resist most bacteria) inhibits sensitive bacteria, and insensitive bacteria take the opportunity to reproduce and grow in the body, causing double infection.
On the one hand, it is necessary to first determine the indications, the diagnosis of bacterial infection before the indication of antibiotic use, to avoid self-use in the home. On the other hand, for young children, individualized drug delivery is required. Children are not reduced version of the adult, for dose selection, adjustment should be individualized administration,\" vary from person to person, tailor-made \", parents must strictly follow the doctor's instructions to use. (Reporter Li Yan)